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Conservation management of large carnivores in Africa

M.G.L. Mills

Koedoe; Vol 34, No 1 (1991), 81-90. doi: 10.4102/koedoe.v34i1.417

Submitted: 23 September 1991
Published:  23 September 1991


The conservation management of large carnivores in Africa is reviewed. In large protected areas the complexity of the relations between predators and prey, and between competing predators, indicate that these relationships should not be disturbed, even though, superficially, there may seem to be sound reasons to do so. Management action, however, may have to be taken against carnivores that break out of reserves. The related questions of translocation and re-introduction are also complex. Guidelines for considering whether to and how to implement these strategies are presented. It is stressed that adequate follow-up observations should be made after translocating or re- introducing carnivores, so that more information on the success of these strategies can be obtained. Much of Africa comprises rural areas inhabited by pastoralists. It may be possible to manage some large carnivore species in these areas to the mutual benefit of man and beast, but for this type of program to be successful, a well planned public relations campaign is essential.

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Author affiliations

M.G.L. Mills, Kruger National Park, South Africa


conservation, management, carnivores, predator-prey relations, competition, translocation, re-introduction, rural areas, public relations.


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1. Attitudes of ranchers towards African wild dogs Lycaon pictus: Conservation implications on private land
Peter A. Lindsey, Johan T. du Toit, M.G.L. Mills
Biological Conservation  vol: 125  issue: 1  first page: 113  year: 2005  
doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.03.015

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