Original Research

Kruger National Park research supersites: Establishing long-term research sites for cross-disciplinary, multiscaled learning

Izak P.J. Smit, Edward S. Riddell, Carola Cullum, Robin Petersen
Koedoe | Vol 55, No 1 | a1107 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v55i1.1107 | © 2013 Izak P.J. Smit, Edward S. Riddell, Carola Cullum, Robin Petersen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 24 August 2012 | Published: 12 April 2013

About the author(s)

Izak P.J. Smit, Scientific Services, South African National Parks, Skukuza, South Africa
Edward S. Riddell, School of Bioresources Engineering and Environmental Hydrology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Carola Cullum, Centre for Water in the Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Robin Petersen, Scientific Services, South African National Parks, Skukuza, South Africa


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Abstract

Researchers interested in studying the effects of fire or herbivory in the Kruger National Park (KNP) often focus their research activities on the experimental burn plots or herbivore exclosure camps, respectively. These are manipulated sites that apply treatments, for example annual fires or total exclusion of fire and herbivores. However, many projects aim to study or monitor patterns and processes emerging under non-manipulated conditions, typically at sites with contrasting geologies and rainfall. Yet, these sites are usually selected in a haphazard and uncoordinated manner for different projects and, as a consequence, it is often not possible to integrate datasets and knowledge. An alternative to the ever-increasing number of unrelated sites scattered across the park are the ‘KNP research supersites’ which have been earmarked to geographically focus future research effort, acting as data-rich, long-term sites for monitoring and research. In this paper, we introduced the four recently established KNP research supersites, which cover the rainfall gradient and geological contrast of the KNP, presenting their rationale, selection criteria and location, along with existing datasets that describe their herbaceous biomass, woody cover, phenology, fire history, levels of herbivory. Additional site-specific datasets, which are already available, or which are in preparation, were outlined together with details for assessing these open-source datasets online.

Conservation implications: The KNP research supersites will become increasingly used for research, monitoring and remote-sensing calibration and ground-truthing purposes. Scientists are encouraged to gain from, and contribute towards, these sites, which will facilitate long-term data collection, data-sharing and co-learning and, ultimately, lead to a more integrated, multiscaled and multitemporal understanding of savannahs.


Keywords

data-rich sites; data sharing; long-term monitoring sites; long-term research sites; open-source data

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Crossref Citations

1. Identifying drivers that influence the spatial distribution of woody vegetation in Kruger National Park, South Africa
R. Scholtz, G. A. Kiker, I. P. J. Smit, F. J. Venter
Ecosphere  vol: 5  issue: 6  first page: art71  year: 2014  
doi: 10.1890/ES14-00034.1