Original Research

Protected area entrance fees in Tanzania: The search for competitiveness and value for money

Anna Spenceley, Andrew Rylance, Sadiki L. Laiser
Koedoe | Vol 59, No 1 | a1442 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v59i1.1442 | © 2017 Anna Spenceley, Andrew Rylance, Sadiki L. Laiser | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 September 2016 | Published: 30 March 2017

About the author(s)

Anna Spenceley, School of Tourism & Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Andrew Rylance, School of Tourism & Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Sadiki L. Laiser, Tanzania Wildlife Management Authority, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Tanzania, United Republic of


User fees charged by Tanzania’s Game Reserves (GR) and Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) have not changed since 2008. Although previous research has been done on visitors’ willingness-to-pay to enter national parks in Tanzania, none has been conducted on GRs and WMAs. This article assesses the entrance fees in GRs and WMAs, by comparing them with equivalent fees charged in Tanzania (at national parks and the Ngorongoro Crater) and also with regional protected areas in Botswana, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Based on 28 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholder institutions working on tourism and conservation and more than 50 online survey responses from Tanzanian tourism operators, the research reviews local opinion and issues relating to adjusting current entrance fees. The article considers that while one objective for generating revenue from entrance fees is for conservation management, it is difficult to establish appropriate fees where there are gaps in knowledge about existing levels of visitation, tourism revenue and associated management costs.

Conservation implications: This article has implications for protected area management practices, as it provides information on processes by which managers can review and revise entrance fee values.


Tourism; protected areas; Tanzania; entrance fees; game reserve; Wildlife Management Area


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