Original Research

Transmission electron microscopic observations of flagellum abnormalities in impala (Aepyceros melampus) sperm from the Kruger National Park

D.J. Ackerman, A.J. Reinecke, H.J. Els
Koedoe | Vol 40, No 1 | a259 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v40i1.259 | © 1997 D.J. Ackerman, A.J. Reinecke, H.J. Els | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 August 1997 | Published: 01 August 1997

About the author(s)

D.J. Ackerman, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
A.J. Reinecke, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
H.J. Els, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Full Text:



Sperm must remain motile in order to reach and penetrate the ovum and defects in the ultrastructure of the tail can have an adverse influence on motility. Live spermatozoa were collected from the cauda epididymis of 64 impala rams in the Kruger National Park and studied by transmission electron microscopy to document sperm abnormalities. The following abnormalities of the flagellum were documented from micrographs: abnormal baseplate and neck attachments; neck vacuoles and displaced organelles; double or short flagella; bent flagella; principal-piece vacuoles; displaced axoneme and the Dag defect. The implications of these abnormalities for sperm motility are discussed.


impala sperm, flagellum anomalies, transmission electron microscopy, Kruger National Park


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