Original Research

Distribution of benthic invertebrates at different depths in a shallow reservoir in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands

M.J. Samways, R. Osborn, I. van Heerden
Koedoe | Vol 39, No 2 | a295 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v39i2.295 | © 1996 M.J. Samways, R. Osborn, I. van Heerden | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 August 1996 | Published: 07 August 1996

About the author(s)

M.J. Samways, University of Natal, South Africa
R. Osborn, University of Natal, South Africa
I. van Heerden, University of Natal, South Africa

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Abstract

The bottom of a freshwater reservoir in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands was sampled for macro-invertebrates and macrophytes at depths of 0.5 m, 1 m, 2 m, and 3 m. The water plants Elodea spp. which did not occur much beyond 1 m appeared to be a major deter-minant for the presence of invertebrates. At 2 m and 3 m, when temperature and light decreased greatly, it was replaced by the algae Chara spp. Over 98 of the macroinvertebrate individuals in 21 species and 14 families occurred in water 1 m or less in depth. At 2 m and deeper, there was a rapid decline of species, with only one, a snail, occurring at 3 m. Odonata species occurred only in water 1 m or less in depth. Among the Ephemeroptera, Caenis sp. was abundant at 0.5 m and the most dominant species of all. At 1 m, the most dominant species was Cleon palidulosum of the Baetidae. Both in terms of food for waterfowl and trout, and as a reserve for aquatic macroin vertebrates, the shallow fringe of the reservoir was playing by far the major role compared with the deeper, open water. It is recommended both for biotic conservation and fishing that reservoirs have a shallow rim and constant water levels.

Keywords

benthic macro-invertebrates, reservoir, aquatic vegetation, depth distribution.

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