Original Research

Notes on wild dog Lycaon pictus and lion Panthera leo population trends during a drought in the Kruger National Park

M.G.L. Mills
Koedoe | Vol 38, No 1 | a309 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v38i1.309 | © 1995 M.G.L. Mills | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 August 1995 | Published: 25 August 1995

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M.G.L. Mills, National Parks Board, South Africa

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Abstract

Wild dog Lycaon pictus and lion Panthera leo populations in the Kruger National Park appeared to undergo an increase during a drought period in the early 1990s. Newly established packs, high adult survival and pup productivity contributed to an increase in the wild dog population and evidence for high predation success during the height of the drought is presented. An increase in the lion density between 1989 and 1993 on the northern basalt plains, as well as changes in the structure of the population, seem to be related to changes in prey populations, particularly to a decline in numbers and condition of buffalo Syncerus cafer.

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