Original Research

The influence of the 1991/92 drought on the woody vegetation of the Kruger National Park

A.J. Viljoen
Koedoe | Vol 38, No 2 | a316 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v38i2.316 | © 1995 A.J. Viljoen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 August 1995 | Published: 26 August 1995

About the author(s)

A.J. Viljoen, Kruger National Park, South Africa

Full Text:



All observations and data related to the impact of the 1991/92 drought on the woody vegetation, excluding the riverine vegetation of major rivers, are summarised. This includes data from a visual estimate of damage from aerial photographs, surveys on selected sites, and general observations. Despite lower rainfall, the area north of the Olifants River (excluding the far-northern part) was less affected than the area south of it, suggesting that the woody vegetation in the north is more adapted to drought. A characteristic of the drought was the localised distribution pattern and variable intensity of damage to the same species in the same general area. Information on 31 species are presented briefly. Although a large number of woody species was to some extent damaged, when the woody vegetation is considered as a whole, the influence of the drought was not very severe.


Drought, Kruger National Park, woody vegetation, mortality


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