Original Research

Phytosociological classes of the western Transvaal grassland, South Africa

H. Bezuidenhout, G.J. Bredenkamp, G.K. Theron
Koedoe | Vol 37, No 1 | a322 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v37i1.322 | © 1994 H. Bezuidenhout, G.J. Bredenkamp, G.K. Theron | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 August 1994 | Published: 26 August 1994

About the author(s)

H. Bezuidenhout, National Parks Board, South Africa
G.J. Bredenkamp, University of Pretoria, South Africa
G.K. Theron, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Full Text:



A detailed syntaxonomical and synecological account of five newly described phytosociological classes of the western Transvaal, South Africa is given. Using a new large data set classification technique, a synoptic table was compiled from 1 025 releves, representing 114 plant communities. An objective classification technique (TWINSPAN) was used complementary to the Braun-Blanquet methodology. An ordination algorithm (DECORANA) was also applied to the synoptic data set. This indicates the floristic relationships among the classes while the vegetation gradient can be related to the habitat gradient.


Braun-Blanquet method, grassland, synoptic tables, synthesis, syntaxonomical classification.


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