Original Research

The phytosociology of the southern section of Borakalalo Nature Reserve, South Africa

L.R. Brown, G.J. Bredenkamp
Koedoe | Vol 37, No 2 | a337 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v37i2.337 | © 1994 L.R. Brown, G.J. Bredenkamp | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 August 1994 | Published: 27 August 1994

About the author(s)

L.R. Brown, University of Pretoria, South Africa
G.J. Bredenkamp, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Full Text:



As part of a vegetation survey programme for conservation areas in South Africa, the plant communities of the Borakalalo Nature Reserve were investigated. A TWINSPAN classification, refined by Braun-Blanquet procedures was used for a phytosociological study. The analysis resulted in five major plant communities, one with two subcommunities and one with four subcommunities and two variants. Habitat factors associated with differences in vegetation include topography, soil form and grazing pressure. Descriptions of the plant communities include diagnostic species as well as prominent and less conspicuous species of the tree, shrub, forb and grass strata. The classification provides the necessary delimitation of homogeneous areas which are considered necessary for veld management.


TWINSPAN, Braun-Blanquet procedures, conservation area, plant communities, floristic composition, vegetation classification, phytosociology.


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