Original Research

Burrow casts from the Lystrosaurus-Procolophon Assemblage-zone, Karoo Sequence, South Africa

G.H. Groenewald
Koedoe | Vol 34, No 1 | a409 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v34i1.409 | © 1991 G.H. Groenewald | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 September 1991 | Published: 23 September 1991

About the author(s)

G.H. Groenewald,, South Africa

Full Text:



Five types of burrow casts from the Lystrosaurus- Procolophon Assemblage-zone (Palingkloof Member and Katberg Formation, Triassic, Karoo sequence. South Africa) are associated with casts of desiccation cracks and red mudstone. Vertebrate remains of Lystrosaurus sp. and Procolophon sp. indicate that these animals probably made the burrows during the Triassic. It is possible that burrowing was an adaptive advantage during periods of severe and unfavourable climatic conditions. Similar burrow casts were found in the Dicynodon-Theriognathus Assemblage-zone, suggesting a burrowing habit for fauna represented in this zone. In structure, the burrow casts resemble those of Scoyenia, Thalassinoides, Histioderma, Gyrolithes and Planolites reported from Germany, France, Asia, Ireland, Spain and the United States of America.


bioturbation, casts of burrows, Gyrolithes, Katberg, palaeoecology, palaeontology, Palingkloof, Scoyenia, sedimentology, trace fossils, Triassic.


Total abstract views: 6855
Total article views: 4014


Crossref Citations

1. Biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental significance of a rich tetrapod fossil accumulation in the Lower to Middle Burgersdorp Formation of the Karoo Basin
Frederik P. Wolvaardt, P. John Hancox, Claire Browning, Michael Strong
Journal of African Earth Sciences  vol: 198  first page: 104776  year: 2023  
doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2022.104776