Original Research

Soil-plant Relationships in the Central Kruger National Park

S.W. Fraser, T.H. van Rooyen, E. Verster
Koedoe | Vol 30, No 1 | a499 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v30i1.499 | © 1987 S.W. Fraser, T.H. van Rooyen, E. Verster | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 October 1987 | Published: 21 October 1987

About the author(s)

S.W. Fraser, University of South Africa, South Africa
T.H. van Rooyen, University of South Africa, South Africa
E. Verster, University of South Africa, South Africa

Full Text:



There is a significant relationship between the tree communities and the soils in the Mooiplaas- Mahlangeni region of the central Kruger National Park. Shrub savanna dominated by Colophospermum mopane (mopane) as a multiplestemmed shrub occurs on all the fine-textured soils derived from basic rocks i.e. basalts, diabase and olivine gabbro. Mixed savanna woodlands dominated by either mopane or Combretum apiculatum (red bushwillow) occur on the coarse-textured soils derived from granitic gneiss. The red bushwillow is dominant on the more shallow soils. Mopane occurs in very dense stands as either stunted trees or as single-stemmed shrubs on most duplex soils. Relatively low-lying areas with saline soils are treeless. Terminalia sericea (silver cluster- leaf) is characteristic of deeper coarse-textured and somewhat poorly drained soils.


Kruger National Park, soil types, vegetation, Colophospermum mopane, Combretum apiculatum, Terminalia sericea, Mooiplaas-Mahlangeni region.


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