Original Research

An Account of the Geomorphology and Drainage of the Kruger National Park

F.J. Venter, J.W. Bristow
Koedoe | Vol 29, No 1 | a524 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v29i1.524 | © 1986 F.J. Venter, J.W. Bristow | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 November 1986 | Published: 27 November 1986

About the author(s)

F.J. Venter, Kruger National Park, South Africa
J.W. Bristow, University of Cape Town, South Africa

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An outline is presented of the geomorphic history as well as the present terrain morphology and drainage of the Kruger National Park which forms part of the eastern Transvaal Lowveld. The Lowveld represents the footslope of the Drakensberg, the escarpment of which withdrew parallel from the Indian Ocean in response to the disruption of Gondwanaland. The Lowveld is typically undulating, gently undulating or flat and positive relief is caused mainly by lithological differences. The area is drained from west to east by a vast number of drainage channels, ranging from large rivers to dongas (gullies).


Geomorphology, Lowveld, geology, Kruger National Park, erosion surface, drainage pattern.


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