Short Communication

Plasma testosterone levels in relation to musth in the male African Elephant

A.J Hall-Martin, L.A van der Walt
Koedoe | Vol 27, No 1 | a561 | DOI: | © 1984 A.J Hall-Martin, L.A van der Walt | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 December 1984 | Published: 01 December 1984

About the author(s)

A.J Hall-Martin, National Parks Board of Trustees, South Africa
L.A van der Walt, South African Institute for Medical Research, South Africa

Full Text:

PDF (954KB)

Share this article

Bookmark and Share


A long-term study of the behaviour and ecology of the African elephant Loxodonta africana was begun in the Addo Elephant National Park in 1976. During the period June 1976 to March 1979 regular observations were made on all animals. Every individual elephant could be recognised (the population was less than 100 animals) and every individual was seen several times a month. From the start of the study records were kept of whether the temporal gland was secreting or not for every animal at every observation.


No related keywords in the metadata.


Total abstract views: 2854
Total article views: 2323


Crossref Citations

1. Honest signalling through chemicals by elephants with applications for care and conservation
Bruce Alexander Schulte, Elizabeth Watson Freeman, Thomas Elton Goodwin, Julie Hollister-Smith, L. Elizabeth Little Rasmussen
Applied Animal Behaviour Science  vol: 102  issue: 3-4  first page: 344  year: 2007  
doi: 10.1016/j.applanim.2006.05.035