Original Research

Some observations on Seabirds breeding in the Tsitsikamma Coastal National Park.

R. J. M Crawford
Koedoe | Vol 26, No 1 | a594 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v26i1.594 | © 1983 R. J. M Crawford | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 December 1983 | Published: 01 December 1983

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R. J. M Crawford, Sea Fisheries Research Institute, South Africa

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Abstract

In 1980 and 1981 more than 50 pairs of kelp gulls Lams dominicanus, 70 of Cape cormorants Phalacrocorax capensis and 20 of whitebreasted cormorants P. carbo nested in the Tsitsikamma Coastal National Park. Kelp gulls were breeding in the Park in the mid 1960's but no records could be found of breeding by Cape cormorants prior to 1980. The earliest record for nesting by whitebreasted cormorants was 1971 and the population apparently increased in the late 1970's. Small numbers of African black oystercatchers Haematopus moquini nested in the park in 1980 and 1981. Brown mussels Perna perna and limpets Patella spp. dominated their hardshelled diet. Whereas oystercatchers at St Croix Island fed mainly on organisms from the mid intertidal region, those at Tsitsikamma appear to have favoured molluscs from the lower tidal range.

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