Original Research

A vegetation description and floristic analyses of the springs on the Kammanassie Mountain, Western Cape

G. Cleaver, L.R. Brown, G.J. Bredenkamp
Koedoe | Vol 47, No 2 | a78 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v47i2.78 | © 2004 G. Cleaver, L.R. Brown, G.J. Bredenkamp | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 December 2004 | Published: 18 December 2004

About the author(s)

G. Cleaver, UNISA, South Africa
L.R. Brown, UNISA, South Africa
G.J. Bredenkamp, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Full Text:



The Kammanassie Mountain is a declared mountain catchment area and a Cape mountain zebra Equus zebra zebra population is preserved on the mountain. The high number of springs on the mountain not only provides water for the animal species but also contributes to overall ecosystem functioning. Long-term conservation of viable ecosystems requires a broader understanding of the ecological processes involved. It was therefore decided that a classification, description and mapping of the spring vegetation of the Kammanassie Mountain be undertaken. A TWINSPAN classification, refined by Braun-Blanquet procedures, revealed 11 major plant communities that could be related to geological origin. Habitat factors associated with differences in vegetation include topography, soil type and grazing. Descriptions of the plant communities include diagnostic species as well as prominent and less conspicuous species of the tree, shrub and herbaceous layers. The results also indicate a high species richness compared to similar regions and the difference between plant communities of wet and dry springs. This data is important for long-term monitoring of the spring ecosystems as well as for the compilation of management plans.


Springs; Kammanassie Mountain; Braun-Blanquet; Plant communities; TWINSPAN; Plant species richness


Total abstract views: 4630
Total article views: 3681


Crossref Citations

1. The vegetation of grass lawn wetlands of floodplains and pans in semi-arid regions of South Africa: Description, classification and explanatory environmental factors
E.J.J. Sieben, N.B. Collins, F.T.J. Corry, D.C. Kotze, N. Job, A.M. Muasya, C.E. Venter, H. Mtshali, S.A. Zondo, M. Janks, L. Pretorius
South African Journal of Botany  vol: 104  first page: 215  year: 2016  
doi: 10.1016/j.sajb.2015.11.003